We know: All About Thyroid Problems
What is the thyroid?
The thyroid is a small butterfly-shaped gland situated in the front of the neck, just above the collarbone.
What does it control?
The thyroid gland is responsible for producing thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), which controls metabolism, cellular differentiation, and growth. Basically, the thyroid keeps all bodily functions running at a steady rate.
What are common problems associated with the thyroid?
How are thyroid problems treated?
Hypothyroidism is generally treated with thyroid hormone replacement pills that are taken daily. Patients suffering from hyperthyroidism may be treated with anti-thyroid drugs, radioactive iodine therapy, or removal of the thyroid gland, followed by thyroid hormone replacement pills.
Thyroid nodules and thyroid cancer may involve a combination of treatments, including surgery to remove the nodule and part (or all) of the thyroid itself, chemotherapy to get rid of cancerous cells, and thyroid replacement hormone pills.
Are there any tests to detect a thyroid problem?
A simple blood test can be given to measure levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). If there is a nodule, a biopsy may be performed to determine if the nodule is cancerous.