Do you ever notice white flakes in your hair or on your shoulders?
You may have dandruff.
We Know: All About Dandruff
What is dandruff?
Dandruff is a skin condition affecting the scalp that results in itching and flaking of the scalp. The most obvious symptom of dandruff is white, oily flakes that appear in the hair and on the shoulders.
What are the causes of dandruff?
Dandruff is caused by malassezia, a fungus that lives in the scalp. Everyone has this fungus-like bacteria in the scalp, and it typically goes undetected, but it can begin to excessively feed on the oil produced by your hair follicles. Should this occur, a large amount of dead skin cells slough off faster than normal, producing a white, flaky residue called dandruff.
What dandruff treatments are there?
The most common treatments for dandruff are available over-the-counter in shampoo form. A few examples include:
How can I reduce my risk of dandruff?
There are several ways to prevent dandruff from ever forming.
When should I see a doctor?
If shampoos and self-care tips don't do the trick, see a dermatologist. It's possible you have another skin condition that merely has the same symptoms as dandruff.