Want to know more about the causes of shoulder pain?
We asked the National Institutes of Health for answers to basic questions.
We know: All About Shoulder Pain
What is shoulder pain?
Most shoulder pain is caused by inflammation, swelling, tearing or changes in the bone around the tendons in the shoulder. There are 4 tendons that hold muscle to the bone in each shoulder. Theses are called rotator cuff tendons.
What are the causes of shoulder pain?
The 4 tendons in the shoulder pass underneath an arch of bone in the shoulder. Most should pain occurs when a tendon or tendons become trapped under this arch, damaging the tendon and causing inflammation.
This can result from age, or from repetitive activity like throwing a ball, or from an injury.
When damage to one of these tendons occurs, it's called rotator cuff tendinitis.
Are there other causes of shoulder pain?
Yup. Other causes include bone fractures, frozen shoulder (from inactivity due to pain), shoulder dislocation and conditions such as arthritis and bursitis.
What are some recommended treatments for shoulder pain?
The National Library of Medicine's encyclopedia recommends:
When should I call a doctor about my shoulder pain?
The National Library of Medicine's encyclopedia recommends that if you feel sudden pressure or a crushing pain in your shoulder, especially if it extends to your chest, jaw or neck, or you have trouble breathing, are dizzy or sweating, call 911. This kind of sudden should pain can be a sign of a heart attack.
If you've had a severe blow or injury and your shoulder is swollen or badly bruised, or bleeding, get to an emergency room to check for fracture or dislocation.
The encyclopedia also recommends you contact you doctor if you have fever, swelling or redness, you're unable to use the joint, or your pain last more than 1-2 weeks.