Think you might have genital warts? Want to know more about genital warts and how to protect yourself from getting them?
We know: All about Genital Warts
What are genital warts?
Genital warts, also known as Condylomata, are growths on or around the genital or anal region and occur in both females and males. They are caused by a virus called the Human Papillomavirus(HPV).
How do I know if I have genital warts?
Genital warts appear between two weeks and eight months after sexual contact with an infected partner. They may include some of the following characteristics:
How do people contract genital warts?
HPV is spread through sexual contact between partners.
A person can be infected with HPV without knowing it. Sometimes the virus is deep inside the vagina which, in serious cases, can lead to cancer of the cervix. The Pap smear test (a sample of cells from the cervix performed by a gynecologist) is a good way for women to get tested for genital warts.
What treatment is available for genital warts?
Doctors can help you get rid of an outbreak of warts with medications or surgical treatments. Sometimes medical treatment can take care of the virus that causes genital warts as well. If the underlying virus isn't completely eliminated, however, genital warts may reappear even after treatment. Some of the treatments available include:
How can I prevent contraction and/or transmitting genital warts in the future?
The only sure way to avoid transmission of sexually transmitted diseases, including genital warts, is to abstain from sexual contact. Alternatively, being in a long-term monogamous relationship with a partner who has been tested and is known to be uninfected can prevent contraction.
Correct and consistent use of latex condoms can help to reduce the risk of genital warts but only when the infected area or site of potential exposure is protected by the condom. Since a condom may not cover all infected areas, even correct and consistent use of latex condoms cannot guarantee protection from genital warts.